Road Photos & Information: New South Wales
Route Number
Pacific Highway, New England Highway, John Renshaw Drive, Southern Freeway, Mount Ousley Road & Princes Highway (National Route 1) (Decommissioned) - Bulahdelah to Karuah

Statistics:

Route Numbering:

General Information:

National Route 1 forms part of the main coastal route between Victoria and Queensland. The route features a mix of rural highway, arterial and freeway design standards. The route forms part of what is collectively known as Highway 1. It is Australia's coastal highway joining all mainland's state capitals and coastal towns circumnavigating the entire Australian continent. It is also the longest numbered highway in the world, covering more than 14 500 km.

In New South Wales, National Route 1 was truncated by National Highway 1 between Beresfield and Wahroonga, by Metroad 1 between Wahroonga and Waterfall and by M1 at Tweed Heads West.

Northern Section:

The northern section of National Route 1 took in a small section of New England Highway and the rest was made up by the Pacific Highway. The route varies from dual carriageway arterial and highway standard, to motorway standard and the rest is generally undivided rural highway conditions. The Pacific Highway is very well trafficked, and as a result notorious for a large amount of road trauma within the state. These crashes have resulted in more than 50% of the route being divided since the late 1980s.

The Pacific Highway section of NR1 runs between Brunswick Heads and Hexham, and also between Wahroonga and the Gore Hill Freeway at Artarmon. The northern section between Brunswick Heads and Hexham is a mix of dual carriageway, rural highway and urban arterial roadway. The southern section between Wahroonga and Artarmon is urban arterial standard and passes through one of Sydney's more affluent areas.

The highway traces its origins back to an early settler, George Peat, who owned the land between the Hawkesbury River and Mooney Mooney Creek. To provide access to his property, Peat began a ferry service across the Hawkesbury River in 1844 and surveyed, then constructed a road between Hornsby and Kariong in 1854. After his death in 1870, the ferry service was abandoned and the road fell into disrepair, finally closing to all traffic in 1899, following the completion of the Sydney-Newcastle railway.

Demand for a route between Sydney and Newcastle dates back to the early 20th century. When the only access was via the sea or via a long route through the town of Wiseman's Ferry. In the 1920s, the then Main Roads Board undertook a series of surveys to form an easier and more reliable route north from Sydney. In 1928 construction began on upgrading the old road and converting it to a modern standard, plus creating  a new route north, utilising some of the abandoned Peat's Ferry Rd, while improving the horizontal and vertical alignments. In May 1930 the ferry service across the Hawkesbury River was re-established to service the new road until such times that a bridge became necessary. June 1930 marked the completion of the concrete surfacing.

During the time of the Hornsby to Gosford contruction, improvements were made to roads between Gosford to Newcastle as part of the link. On May 17 in 1929, the route was named as the Great Northern Highway. The work from Hornsby to Gosford cost almost £1 million, however it was money well spent, reducing the trip from Sydney to Newcastle from 9 hours to 4 ½ hours.

History:

Pacific Highway:

Click here for historic photos of Pacific Highway between Bulahdelah and Karuah

Bulahdelah to Karuah
Karuah to Bulahdelah
Preview: Description:
Preview: Description:
Advance Directional Sign:
AD sign at Nerong, approaching Whimbrel Dr, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands


Bypassed Town Sign:
Bypassed town AD sign approaching Tarean Rd at Karuah, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands

Advance Directional Sign:
AD sign at Nerong, approaching Whimbrel Dr, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands


Services Sign:
Services sign at Karuah, approaching Tarean Rd (former Pacific Hwy), July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands

Whimbrel Drive:
Corner of Pacific Hwy (NR1) and Whimbrel Dr, Nerong, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands


Advance Directional Sign:
AD sign at Karuah, approaching Tarean Rd, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands

Waterholes Gap:
Pacific Hwy as it passes through Waterholes Gap at Nerong, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands


Tarean Road:
Pacific Hwy (NR1) at the Tarean Rd interchange, Karuah, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands

Services Sign:
Services sign at Nerong, approaching Browns Flat Rest Area, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands


Tarean Road:
Pacific Hwy (NR1) at the Tarean Rd interchange, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands

Nerong Waterholes:
Pacific Hwy as it crosses through Nerong Waterholes at Nerong, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands


Reassurance Directional Sign:
Distance sign at Karuah, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands

Services Sign:
Services sign at Nerong, approaching Browns Flat Rest Area, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands


Scotts Road:
Pacific Hwy (NR1) as it passes under Scotts Rd, Karuah, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands

Browns Flat Rest Area:
Pacific Hwy (NR1) at the Browns Flat Rest Area, Nerong, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands


Mines Hill Track:
Pacific Hwy (NR1) as it passes under Mines Hill Track, Karuah, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands

Reassurance Directional Sign:
Rest area distance sign at Nerong, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands


Karuah River:
Pacific Hwy (NR1) as it crosses the Karuah River at Karuah, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands

Advance Directional Sign:
AD sign at Tea Gardens, approaching Myall Way, November 2010.

Image © Rob Tilley


Advance Directional Sign:
AD sign at Karuah, approaching Tarean Rd, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands

Myall Way:
Corner of Pacific Hwy (NR1) and Myall Way, Tea Gardens, November 2010.

Image © Rob Tilley


Tarean Road:
Pacific Hwy (NR1) at the Tarean Rd interchange, Karuah, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands

Reassurance Directional Sign:
Distance sign, Tea Gardens, November 2010.

Image © Rob Tilley


Reassurance Directional Sign:
Distance sign at Karuah, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands

Advance Directional Sign:
AD sign at North Arm Cove, approaching Gooreengi Rd (former Pacific Hwy), July 2013. Click here for a photo by Rob Tilley of this location from November 2010.

Image © Paul Rands


Advance Directional Sign:
AD sign at North Arm Cove, approaching Gooreengi Rd (former Pacific Hwy), July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands

Gooreengi Road:
Corner of Pacific Hwy (NR1) and Gooreengi Rd at North Arm Cove, July 2013. Click here for a photo by Rob Tilley of this location from November 2010.

Image © Paul Rands


Gooreengi Road:
Corner of Pacific Hwy (NR1) and Gooreengi Rd at North Arm Cove, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands

Services Sign:
Services sign at North Arm Cove, approaching Tarean Rd (former Pacific Hwy), July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands


Advance Directional Sign:
AD sign at North Arm Cove, approaching Gooreengi Rd (former Pacific Hwy), July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands

Bypassed Town Sign:
Bypassed town AD sign approaching Tarean Rd at North Arm Cove, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands


Gooreengi Road:
Corner of Pacific Hwy (NR1) and Gooreengi Rd at North Arm Cove, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands

Advance Directional Sign:
AD sign at North Arm Cove, approaching Gooreengi Rd (former Pacific Hwy), July 2013. Click here for a photo of this location by Rob Tilley from November 2011.

Image © Paul Rands


Services Sign:
Services sign at North Arm Cove, approaching Station Creek Rest Area, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands

Gooreengi Road:
Corner of Pacific Hwy (NR1) and Gooreengi Rd at North Arm Cove, July 2013. Click here for a photo of this location by Rob Tilley from November 2011.

Image © Paul Rands


Supplemental Advance Directional Sign:
Supplemental AD sign at North Arm Cove, approaching Myall Way, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands

Services Sign:
Services sign at North Arm Cove, approaching Tarean Rd (former Pacific Hwy), July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands


Gooreengi Road:
Corner of Pacific Hwy (NR1) and Gooreengi Rd at North Arm Cove, outside The Rock service station (formerly an adventure centre once owned by TV adventurers, The Leyland Brothers), July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands

Reassurance Directional Sign:
Distance sign at Karuah, November 2010.

Image © Rob Tilley


Services Sign:
Services sign at Tea Gardens, approaching Station Creek Rest Area, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands

Advance Directional Sign:
AD sign at Karuah, approaching Tarean Rd, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands


Supplemental Advance Directional Sign:
Supplemental AD sign at Tea Gardens, approaching Myall Way, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands

Tarean Road:
Pacific Hwy (NR1) at the Tarean Rd interchange, Karuah, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands


Advance Directional Sign:
AD sign at Tea Gardens, approaching Myall Way, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands

Reassurance Directional Sign:
Distance sign at Karuah, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands


Station Creek Rest Area:
Pacific Hwy (NR1) at the Station Creek Rest Area, Tea Gardens, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands

Karuah River:
Pacific Hwy (NR1) as it crosses the Karuah River at Karuah, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands


Myall Way:
Corner of Pacific Hwy (NR1) and Myall Way, Tea Gardens, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands

Mines Hill Track:
Pacific Hwy (NR1) as it passes under Mines Hill Track, Karuah, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands


Reassurance Directional Sign:
Distance sign, Tea Gardens, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands

Scotts Road:
Pacific Hwy (NR1) as it passes under Scotts Rd, Karuah, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands


Services Sign:
Services sign at Tea Gardens, approaching Nerong Waterholes Rest Area, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands

Tarean Road:
Pacific Hwy (NR1) as it passes under Tarean Rd, Karuah, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands


Services Sign:
Services sign at Nerong, approaching Nerong Waterholes Rest Area, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands

Advance Directional Sign:
AD sign at Karuah, approaching Tarean Rd, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands


Reassurance Directional Sign:
Rest area distance sign at Nerong, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands

Tarean Road:
Pacific Hwy (NR1) at the Tarean Rd interchange, November 2010.

Image © Rob Tilley


Advance Directional Sign:
AD sign at Nerong, approaching Whimbrel Dr,, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands

Intersection Directional Sign:
ID sign on the Tarean Rd off ramp at Karuah, for Swan Bay Rd, November 2010.

Image © Rob Tilley


Advance Directional Sign:
AD sign at Nerong, approaching Whimbrel Dr, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands

Reassurance Directional Sign:
Distance sign at Karuah, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands


Whimbrel Drive:
Corner of Pacific Hwy (NR1) and Whimbrel Dr, Nerong, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands




Burdekins Gap:
Pacific Hwy (NR1) passing through Burdekins Gap at Nerong, July 2013.

Image © Paul Rands

Click here for the continuation of National Route 1 between Karuah and Beresfield
Click here for the continuation of National Route 1 between Nabiac and Bulahdelah

1 Roads and Traffic Authority, Schedule of Classified Roads and State & Regional Roads, 31 January 2011
2 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1944-45
3 Main Roads Board, Annual Report, 1930-31
4 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1933-34
5 RTA Thematic History, 2nd Edition, 2006
6 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1955-56
7 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1956-57
8 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1957-58
9 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1963-64
10 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1964-65
11 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1965-66
12 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1968-69
13 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Pacific Highway Upgrade, Hexham to Port Macquarie, Completed Projects, Raymond Terrace to Karuah
14 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Pacific Highway Upgrade, Hexham to Port Macquarie, Completed Projects, Raymond Terrace to Karuah
15 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Pacific Highway Upgrade, Hexham to Port Macquarie, Completed Projects, Karuah Bypass

Last updated: 05-Jan-2018 23:52

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