Bendigo is located in the geographic centre of Victoria, and the town features a number of historic buildings that can be attributed to the 1800s gold rush.
Gold was discovered in the area in September 1851, the railway had reached the town by 1862, stimulating rapid growth, with flour mills, woollen mills, tanneries, quarries, foundries, eucalyptus oil production, food production industries, and timber cutting. When the alluvial gold ran out, the gold fields evolved into major mines with deep shafts to mine the quartz-based gold. From the 1930s, the city made efforts to become a manufacturing and regional service centre, though gold mining continued until 1954. In the 21st century, the major industries are health, finance, tourism, commerce, education, food processing, primary industries and engineering industries.
The Aboriginal people of the area are the Dja Dja Wurrung and Taungurung language groups of the Central Kulin nation.
Bendigo is surrounded by parkland and nature reserves including the Whipstick and Kamarooka state parks, One Tree Hill and Eaglehawk regional parks, Maiden Gully, Marong, Wellsford and Mandurang state forests, and historic, flora and fauna, and bushland reserves. The central city is skirted by Rosalind Park, a Victorian-style garden featuring statues and a large blue stone viaduct. The main entrance corner of the park is on the intersection known as Charing Cross. The Charing Cross road junction features the large, ornate Alexandra Fountain.
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Located at Charing Cross, Bendigo, 2003. The Alexandra Fountain, was designed by local architect William Vahland and erected by local craftsman. It was named after Alexandra, Princess of Wales, whose sons, Princes Albert and George, attended the opening ceremony on 5 July 1881.
Image © Jamie Scuglia
1 Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2016 Census QuickStats
Last updated: 01-Dec-2019 23:34
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