Road Photos & Information: New South Wales
Route Number
Pacific Highway, New England Highway, John Renshaw Drive, Southern Freeway, Mount Ousley Road & Princes Highway (National Route 1) (Decommissioned)

Statistics:

Route Numbering:

General Information:

National Route 1 forms part of the main coastal route between Victoria and Queensland. The route features a mix of rural highway, arterial and freeway design standards. The route forms part of what is collectively known as Highway 1. It is Australia's coastal highway joining all mainland's state capitals and coastal towns circumnavigating the entire Australian continent. It is also the longest numbered highway in the world, covering more than 14 500 km.

In New South Wales, National Route 1 was truncated by National Highway 1 between Beresfield and Wahroonga, by Metroad 1 between Wahroonga and Waterfall and by M1 at Tweed Heads West.

Northern Section:

The northern section of National Route 1 took in a small section of New England Highway and the rest was made up by the Pacific Highway. The route varies from dual carriageway arterial and highway standard, to motorway standard and the rest is generally undivided rural highway conditions. The Pacific Highway is very well trafficked, and as a result notorious for a large amount of road trauma within the state. These crashes have resulted in more than 50% of the route being divided since the late 1980s.

The Pacific Highway section of NR1 runs between Brunswick Heads and Hexham, and also between Wahroonga and the Gore Hill Freeway at Artarmon. The northern section between Brunswick Heads and Hexham is a mix of dual carriageway, rural highway and urban arterial roadway. The southern section between Wahroonga and Artarmon is urban arterial standard and passes through one of Sydney's more affluent areas.

The highway traces its origins back to an early settler, George Peat, who owned the land between the Hawkesbury River and Mooney Mooney Creek. To provide access to his property, Peat began a ferry service across the Hawkesbury River in 1844 and surveyed, then constructed a road between Hornsby and Kariong in 1854. After his death in 1870, the ferry service was abandoned and the road fell into disrepair, finally closing to all traffic in 1899, following the completion of the Sydney-Newcastle railway.

Demand for a route between Sydney and Newcastle dates back to the early 20th century. When the only access was via the sea or via a long route through the town of Wiseman's Ferry. In the 1920s, the then Main Roads Board undertook a series of surveys to form an easier and more reliable route north from Sydney. In 1928 construction began on upgrading the old road and converting it to a modern standard, plus creating  a new route north, utilising some of the abandoned Peat's Ferry Rd, while improving the horizontal and vertical alignments. In May 1930 the ferry service across the Hawkesbury River was re-established to service the new road until such times that a bridge became necessary. June 1930 marked the completion of the concrete surfacing.

During the time of the Hornsby to Gosford contruction, improvements were made to roads between Gosford to Newcastle as part of the link. On May 17 in 1929, the route was named as the Great Northern Highway. The work from Hornsby to Gosford cost almost £1 million, however it was money well spent, reducing the trip from Sydney to Newcastle from 9 hours to 4 ½ hours.

This road links the Pacific Highway and New England Highway with the Pacific Motorway between Beresfield and Tarro, west of Hexham, and consists entirely of dual carriageway. The road is named after the Hon. J. B. Renshaw, M.L.A., who, during the 1950s, was Minister for Local Government and Minister for Highways.

Southern Section:

The southern section of National Route 1 is formed by 2 separate sections of the Southern Freeway, linked by dual carriageway Mt Ousley Road. At the end of southern segment of the Southern Freeway, National Route continues as Princes Highway. The route from Kiama to Sydney is a mix of divided road and freeway, the majority of the route from Gerringong to the Victorian border is undivided rural highway standard and undivided urban arterial within some towns, with some dual carriageway sections sporadically placed between Bomaderry and tourist areas immediately south of Nowra.

The Princes Highway was formed from a string of roads linking Sydney to the Illawarra, which later was renumbered from National Route 1 to Metroad 1 in the Sydney area during the 1990s.

The Princes Highway section of NR1 formed a coastal route from Yallah, in Wollongong's southern suburbs to Melbourne and into South Australia. The route is a mix of urban arterial road, dual carriageway and also rural highway.

The Southern Expressway (later Freeway) and also Mount Ousley Road, ran between Waterfall in Sydney's south, bypassing Wollongong and ending at Yallah, in the Illawarra's southern suburbs. It is the main route between Sydney and Wollongong, and crosses the Illawarra Escarpment to the narrow coastal strip on which most of the Illawarra suburbs are built.

Multiplexes along the route include:

History:

Pacific Highway:

New England Highway:

John Renshaw Drive:

Princes Highway:

Mount Ousley Road:

Southern Freeway:

Click here for the former National Route 1 alignment along Bradfield Highway and Sydney Harbour Bridge.
Click here for historic photos of Princes Highway in Sydney and Wollongong.
Click here for historic photos of Pacific Highway Sydney and Newcastle.

1 Roads and Traffic Authority, Schedule of Classified Roads and State & Regional Roads, 31 January 2011
2 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1944-45
3 RTA Thematic History, 2nd Edition, 2006
4 Main Roads Board, Annual Report, 1925-26
5 Main Roads Board, Annual Report, 1926-27
6 Main Roads Board, Annual Report, 1927-28
7 Main Roads Board, Annual Report, 1929-30
8 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1965-66
9 Main Roads Board, Annual Report, 1930-31
10 Main Roads Board Annual Report, 1932
11 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1932-33
12 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1933-34
13 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1934-35
14 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1936-37
15 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1937-38
16 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1946-47
17 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1947-48
18 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1948-49
19 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1949-50
20 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1951-52
21 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1952-53
22 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1953-54
23 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1954-55
24 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1955-56
25 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1956-57
26 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1957-58
27 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1958-59
28 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1959-60
29 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1960-61
30 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1961-62
31 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1962-63
32 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1963-64
33 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1964-65
34 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1966-67
35 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1967-68
36 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1968-69
37 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1969-70
38 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1970-71
39 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1971-72
40 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1972-73
41 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1973-74
42 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1974-75
43 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1976-77
44 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1977-78
45 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Pacific Highway Upgrade, Hexham to Port Macquarie, Completed Projects, Herons Creek Deviation Duplication
46 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Pacific Highway Upgrade, Hexham to Port Macquarie, Completed Projects, Raymond Terrace Bypass
47 Roads and Maritime Services, Project Fact Sheet, Bangalow Bypass
48 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Pacific Highway Upgrade, Port Macquarie to Coffs Harbour, Completed Projects, Raleigh Deviation
49 Roads and Maritime Services, Project Fact Sheet, Chinderah Bypass
50 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Pacific Highway Upgrade, Coffs Harbour to Ballina, Completed Projects, Project Fact Sheet, Korora Hill Reconstruction
51 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Pacific Highway Upgrade, Hexham to Port Macquarie, Completed Projects, Wang Wauk to Bundacree Creek
52 Roads and Maritime Services, Project Fact Sheet, Raleigh Deviation
53 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Pacific Highway Upgrade, Hexham to Port Macquarie, Completed Projects, Taree Bypass
54 Roads and Maritime Services, Project Fact Sheet, Bangalow Bypass
55 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Pacific Highway Upgrade, Hexham to Port Macquarie, Completed Projects, Taree to Coopernook
56 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Pacific Highway Upgrade, Coffs Harbour to Ballina, Completed Projects, Gap Road
57 Roads and Maritime Services, Project Fact Sheet, Brunswick Heads Bypass (Stage 1)
58 Roads and Maritime Services, Project Fact Sheet, Ewingsdale to Tyagarah
59 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Pacific Highway Upgrade, Port Macquarie to Coffs Harbour, Completed Projects, Eungai Deviation
60 Roads and Maritime Services, Project Fact Sheet, Ewingsdale Interchange
61 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Pacific Highway Upgrade, Hexham to Port Macquarie, Completed Projects, Bulahdelah to Coolongolook
62 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Pacific Highway Upgrade, Hexham to Port Macquarie, Completed Projects, Raymond Terrace to Karuah
63 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Pacific Highway Upgrade, Coffs Harbour to Ballina, Completed Projects, Tyndale Realignment
64 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Pacific Highway Upgrade, Coffs Harbour to Ballina, Completed Projects, Bray - Arthur St, Coffs Harbour
65 Roads and Maritime Services, Yelgun to Chinderah Freeway Official Opening Brochure
66 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Pacific Highway Upgrade, Hexham to Port Macquarie, Completed Projects, Raymond Terrace to Karuah
67 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Pacific Highway Upgrade, Port Macquarie to Coffs Harbour, Completed Projects, Lyons Rd - Englands Rd Duals
68 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Pacific Highway Upgrade, Hexham to Port Macquarie, Completed Projects, Coolongolook to Wang Wauk
69 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Pacific Highway Upgrade, Ballina to Tweed Heads, Completed Projects, Tandy's Lane
70 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Pacific Highway Upgrade, Coffs Harbour to Ballina, Completed Projects, Halfway Creek
71 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Pacific Highway Upgrade, Hexham to Port Macquarie, Completed Projects, Karuah Bypass
72 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Pacific Highway Upgrade, Hexham to Port Macquarie, Completed Projects, The Lakes Way Interchange
73 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Pacific Highway Upgrade, Hexham to Port Macquarie, Completed Projects, Bundacree Creek to Possum Brush
74 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Pacific Highway Upgrade, Hexham to Port Macquarie, Completed Projects, Coopernook Bypass
75 Transport and Main Roads (Queensland), Projects, Tugun Bypass Project
76 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Pacific Highway Upgrade, Port Macquarie to Coffs Harbour, Completed Projects, Bonville Upgrade
77 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Pacific Highway Upgrade, Hexham to Port Macquarie, Completed Projects, Karuah to Bulahdelah Sections 2 And 3
78 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Pacific Highway Upgrade, Ballina to Tweed Heads, Completed Projects, Brunswick Heads to Yelgun
79 Roads and Maritime Services, Pacific Highway upgrade Monthly achievement report, May 2012
80 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Pacific Highway Upgrade, Ballina to Tweed Heads, Completed Projects, Tugun Bypass
81 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Pacific Highway Upgrade, Hexham to Port Macquarie, Completed Projects, Coopernook to Herons Creek
82 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Pacific Highway Upgrade, Coffs Harbour to Ballina, Completed Projects, Glenugie Upgrade
83 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Pacific Highway upgrade, Hexham to Port Macquarie, Bulahdelah upgrade
84 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Pacific Highway upgrade,Port Macquarie to Coffs Harbour, Frederickton to Eungai
85 Roads and Maritime Services, Community Update, Pambula River Bridge, May 2006
86 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Princes Highway Upgrade, Completed Projects, Oak Flats to Dunmore - Realignment of the Princes Highway, Recent Project History
87 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Princes Highway Upgrade, Princes Highway Upgrade At Victoria Creek
88 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Princes Highway Upgrade, Burrill Lake
89 Tomerong Local History, A Short History of Tomerong
90 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Princes Highway Upgrade, Completed Projects, North Kiama Bypass
91 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Princes Highway Upgrade, Completed Projects, Pambula River Bridge
92 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Princes Highway Upgrade, Completed Projects, Conjola Mountain
93 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Princes Highway Upgrade, Completed Projects, Kiama Bypass Access Ramps
94 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Princes Highway Upgrade, Completed Projects, Forest Road to Jervis Bay Road
95 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Princes Highway Upgrade, Completed Projects, Oak Flats to Dunmore - Realignment of the Princes Highway
96 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Princes Highway Upgrade, Nangudga Lake Bridge Replacement
97 Roads and Maritime Services, Media Release, Major Work Starts on Princes Highway at Victoria Creek
98 Bega Daily News, 2 August 2011
99 Roads and Maritime Services, Media Release, Princes Highway Upgrade, South Nowra, Final Draft Report
100 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Princes Highway Upgrade, South Nowra
101 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Princes Highway Upgrade, Gerringong Upgrade
102 Roads and Maritime Services, Gerringong Upgrade, Community Update, November 2012
103 Roads and Maritime Services, Projects, Princes Highway upgrade, South Head Road
104 Department of Main Roads, Annual Report, 1945-46
105 Parsons Brinckerhoff, F6 Corridor Public Transport Use Assessment Final Draft Report, September 2004
106 Bega Daily News, Road Work At Alsops Creek, 11 October 2002.

Last updated: 13:54:17 8/2/2018

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