Road Photos & Information: New South Wales
  Sydney-Newcastle Freeway (National Highway 1) - Wahroonga to Berowra

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The Sydney-Newcastle Freeway is the major arterial highway between Sydney and Newcastle. Starting life as the Berowra-Calga Tollway, the F3 has been gradually extended and improved until the Palmdale / Ourimbah gap and Lengahans Drive bypass were completed in the late 90's. The F3 replaced several sections of very windy road between Berowra and the southern reaches of Newcastle. 1

The freeway starts with the junction of the Pacific Highway and Pennant Hills Road at Pearce's Corner, Wahroonga in Sydney's north. From here it goes north, skirting the western edge of the Ku-Ring-Gai Chase National Park before meeting the Hawkesbury River at Brooklyn. After crossing the Hawkesbury the motorway passes through the Brisbane Water National Park, crossing Mooney Mooney Creek with an impressive 480m long and 75m high bridge before reaching the first main interchange on the Central Coast at Kariong. 1

After reaching Kariong, the motorway continues through rural and semi-rural areas of the Central Coast with interchanges provided at Ourimbah, Tuggerah, Warnervale and also Kiar, near Doyalson. From the Doyalson interchange the freeway continues to the west of Lake Macquarie with interchanges near Morisset, Cessnock, Toronto and Cardiff. The Doyalson interchange is with what is known as "Motorway Link" a connection feeder to the Pacific Highway (now SR111), when the freeway ended at this interchange in the mid 1980s. 1

After the Cardiff interchange a link road takes traffic into Newcastle via Wallsend while the motorway continues north to reach its finish with a roundabout at the junction of Weakleys Drive (Weakley's Drive photos can be seen here) and John Renshaw Drive, Beresfield. From here the National Highway route continues to Brisbane via the New England Highway (accessed via Weakleys Drive), with traffic on NH1/NH15 taking John Renshaw Drive and the New England Highway eastbound to meet the Pacific Highway at Hexham. 1

The Sydney-Newcastle Freeway, is part of the Auslink National Network, and is the major road linking Sydney, the Central Coast and Newcastle. It also links with the New England and Pacific Highways, for travel to northern New South Wales and Queensland. The Sydney-Newcastle Freeway is a vital link for around 75 000 motorists that use the freeway daily, the majority of whom travel between the Central Coast and Hunter regions and Sydney. During weekends and school holidays, the Sydney-Newcastle Freeway is heavily used by motorists travelling to and returning from northern New South Wales and Queensland holiday destinations. 2

History:

The F3 replaced the old Pacific Highway which was built in the 1920’s along a route that had existed since 1840s, when settler George Peat cut a track to his property on the banks of the Hawkesbury River. 2

Planning began for the freeway in the 1950s, with the aim of providing a high-speed replacement to a section of the Pacific Highway which was built in the 1920s and was struggling to cope with the increased traffic volume. Furthermore it was planned that the freeway would connect to freeway systems being proposed for both Sydney and Newcastle, providing a city-to-city freeway link. However, due to several reasons the goal and route of the freeway changed significantly so that today it serves to bypass Newcastle rather than go into it. 1

Firstly, the route between Mount White and Kariong was originally planned to go further east than the current route with an easier crossing of Mooney Mooney Creek. By the time that construction was to begin on this section resistance from the National Parks and Wildlife Service to the proposed route forced the government to take a route through Calga which at the time would have formed part of a route to Singleton. 1

The route through Wyong Shire changed as well; instead of passing along the western edge of the Tuggerah Lakes development in that area resulted in the freeway moving further west with a link road being constructed to meet the Pacific Highway near Doyalson. 1

Perhaps the most significant effect on the freeway's route and its connections was the anti-freeway movement of the 1970s. Strong public resistance to freeways being constructed within cities along with less than favourable results from government inquiries resulted in unconstructed freeway projects being cancelled and those under construction being revised or cut short. For the Sydney-Newcastle Freeway, this meant that the connecting Lane Cove Valley and North-Western Freeways in Sydney would not be built - forcing traffic to travel along the Pacific Highway between Wahroonga and the city. In addition, the freeway would now go to the west of Lake Macquarie rather than the east and bypass Newcastle. Sections of State Route 123, one of the two expressway routes that the freeway would have connected to in Newcastle, have been constructed, while the freeway route between Belmont and Bennetts Green and the connecting expressway route to Merewether are still reserved with the possibility that they could be constructed in the future. 1

A plaque near the former Mooney Mooney toll plaza (now ambulance station), commemorating the Hawkesbury River to Mt White section of the route, reads as follows: 2

Sydney - Newcastle Road

The first pioneer trade directly connecting Sydney and areas north of the Hawkesbury River was established in 1844 when a ferry service between Kangaroo Point and Mooney Mooney Point was connected by George Peat. The rough tracks north of the River lead to Wollombi, Cessnock, Maitland and Newcastle. Prior to 1844 travellers to and from the areas north of The Hawkesbury River had to travel a long and circuitous route via Windsor and Wisemans Ferry. With the opening of the Railway between Sydney and Newcastle in 1889, the Northern Road via Peats Ferry fell into disuse. Direct Road access from Sydney to Newcastle was re-established by the Main Roads Board in 1930 with the opening to traffic of a new motor road constructed from Hornsby to Gosford as part of the Pacific Highway and the provision of a vehicular ferry service across the Hawkesbury River. The road bridge which replaced the ferry service was completed in 1945. The Toll work from Hawkesbury River to Mount White approximately 5 ¾ miles opened to traffic on 15th December 1965, is ultimately to form part of an expressway between Sydney and Newcastle which will replace the Pacific Highway as the principal arterial road between these cities. It is the first major rural expressway construction to be undertaken in New South Wales.

The Hon. P.H. Morton, MLA
Minister for Highways

J.A.L. Shaw D.S.O., B.E.
Commissioner for Main Roads

Click here for photos of the former Berowra Toll Plaza and Weighbridge
Click here for historical photos of the route between Wahroonga and Berowra

Wahroonga to Berowra   Berowra to Wahroonga
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Intersection Directional Sign:
ID sign on the corner of Pennant Hills Rd (Cumberland Hwy) (Metroad 7) and the entrance to the Sydney-Newcastle Fwy (National Highway 1) at Wahroonga, October 2005.

Image © Paul Rands

  Berowra Interchange:
The large cutting built in the late 1960s which was the end of the freeway. You can see in the photo the large painted traffic separator, it's covering a second lane, which is now placed further along the ramp as it approaches the old toll area, 2004.

Image © Jamie Scuglia

Advance Directional Sign:
AD sign at Hornsby for the Ku-Ring-Gai Chase Road interchange. September 2007.

Image © Paul Rands

  Cutting & Crossover:
Median rock cutting and median crossover at Berowra, November 2010.

Image © Rob Tilley

Supplemental AD Sign:
Brown tourist attraction orientated supplemental AD sign indicating the next exit (Ku-Ring-Gai Chase Rd) is the best interchange to access the Ku-Ring-Gai Chase National Park. Asquith, September 2007.

Image © Paul Rands

  Old Freeway Green Distance Sign:
The only freeway green sign on the entire mainline of the freeway. Southbound at Berowra, November 2010. This sign dates back to 1988. Click here for a photo of this location, prior to upgrading, from March 2007.

Image © Rob Tilley

Advance Directional Sign:
Older style advance directional sign approaching the Windy Banks interchange at Berowra. September 2007.

Image © Paul Rands

  Distance Sign:
RD sign after the Windybanks Interchange at Berowra, November 2010. Click here for a photo of this location from March 2007.

Image © Rob Tilley

Advance Directional Sign:
AD sign on the Pacific Hwy (SR83) approaching the Berowra interchange, which is the former Berowra toll plaza, and former start of the Sydney-Newcastle Tollway. February 2005.

Image © Paul Rands

  Reassurance Sign:
National Highway 1 route marker at Mt Ku-Ring-Gai, March 2007.

Image © Paul Rands

Pacific Highway Interchange:
Intersection directional signs at the Pacific Hwy interchange at Berowra, which was the former toll plaza and beginning of what used to be the Sydney-Newcastle Tollway. These gantries have had several sign changes over the years. February 2005.

Image © Paul Rands

  Ku-Ring-Gai Chase Road:
Overpass at Mt Ku-Ring-Gai, March 2007.

Image © Paul Rands

Berowra Interchange:
Sydney-Newcastle Fwy at the Berowra northern interchange. The ramp at left of the shot, used to be the beginning of the tollway from the late 1960s to 1988. September 2007.

Image © Paul Rands

  Distance Sign:
RD sign after the Windybanks Interchange at Mt Ku-Ring-Gai, November 2010. Click here for a photo of this location from March 2007.

Image © Rob Tilley

      Sydney Welcome Sign:
Tourism sign at North Wahroonga welcoming people to the Sydney area, also advance end NH1 sign in the background, November 2010. Click here for a photo of this location from March 2007.

Image © Rob Tilley

      End Freeway Signage:
Diagrammatic signs indicating the end of the freeway is approaching at North Wahroonga, March 2007.

Image © Paul Rands

      Advance Directional Sign:
Exit signage for the Pacific Highway (Metroad 1), March 2007.

Image © Paul Rands

      End Freeway Signs:
Signs at Wahroonga warning of the end of the freeway is ahead, March 2007.

Image © Paul Rands

      Advance Directional Sign:
Exit signage for the Pacific Highway (Metroad 1), November 2010. Click here for a photo of this location from March 2007.

Image © Rob Tilley

      Diagrammatic Sign:
Signage showing lane allocations for Pacific Hwy interchange at Wahroonga, November 2010. Click here for a photo of this location from March 2007.

Image © Rob Tilley

      End National Highway 1:
The official end of NH1 in Wahroonga, November 2010. Click here for a photo of this location from March 2007.

Image © Rob Tilley

Click here for the continuation of National Highway 1 between Berowra and Hawkesbury River

1 Sam Laybutt
2 Roads & Traffic Authority
3 Office of the NSW Minister for Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Local Government

Last updated: 16-Feb-2019 15:38

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